Indian and World Geography
Physical, Social & Economic

: June 16, 2018    : Milan

Geography is a vast subject which looks at the spatial connection between people, places, and the earth and it extensively covers all spheres and seeks to understand the world – its social and economic parameters- through an understanding of place and location. Geography subject is a multi-disciplinary in nature as it echoes in physical and regional geography as well as overlaps with other topics like environment, economics, and also important in UPSC current affairs perspective. The nature of Geography questions asked by UPSC in the Civil Services Exam is both basic and application type. Indian and World Geography will help you study in very systematic manner.

Indian Geography


  1. Basic idea about India:
    • Location, latitude, longitude, time zone
    • Neighboring countries
    • States and its position and the states on International boundaries
    • Important straits

  2. The Himalayas:
    • Geological Formation
    • Physiographic divisions
    • Climate, Vegetation, Soil and Biodiversity
    • Major passes
    • Significance
    • Recent issues

  3. The Great North Indian plains:
    • Geological Formation
    • Physiographic divisions
    • Climate, Vegetation, Soil and Biodiversity
    • Significance

  4. Peninsular Plateau:
    • Geological formation
    • Deccan plateau
    • Central highlands
    • Western and Eastern Ghats
    • Socio-econ
  5. Indian Desert
  6. Coastal plains and Islands

  7. River systems – Characteristics, comparison and significance
    • Himalayan rivers
    • Peninsular rivers
    • River basins
    • Hydro-Power projects, Power plants and Major Dams
    • Regional development and planning
    • West flowing and east flowing rivers
    • Interlinking of rivers

  8. Climate in India:
    • Monsoon
    • Season of India
    • Cyclones

  9. Mineral and industries:
    • Distribution of min
    • Industrial policies
    • Location and factors
    • Issues and challenges of the industries
    • Industrial clutters

  10. Agriculture and Allied-characteristics and Problems:
    • Land utilization
    • Types of agriculture practices
    • Soils and Crops
    • Trends agriculture (Green revolution )
    • Irrigation
    • Major irrigation projects
    • Land reforms
    • Government policies and schemes
    • Animal husbandry (livestock resources)

  11. Natural vegetation and fauna- Characteristics, importance, comparison and significance:
    • Classification of natural vegetation
    • Rainfall distribution
    • Wildlife sanctuaries
    • National Forest Policy
    • Biosphere reserve
    • National parks
    • Environmental issues
    • Red-listed species (in recent news)

  12. Economic infrastructure:
    • Transportation, Road(National Highways)- Rail- Air- Water(Major inland water ways) and its Significance
    • Power and energy sector
    • Sources of conventional and non-conventional energy
    • Energy conservation and crisis
    • Recent developments

  13. Human Geography:
    • All the attributes Population
    • Recent census- 2011

    World Geography


    1. Universe:
      • Theories related to Solar System
      • Theories related formation of universe
      • Recent updates on the same

    2. Basic idea about Earth:
      • Motion of the Earth – Rotation and Revolution
      • Latitudes and Longitudes
      • Inclination of the Earth’s Axis – it’s effect on seasons
      • Solar Eclipse, Lunar Eclipse and Tides and their significance

    3. Geomorphology:
      • Earth’s movement (exo-genetic and endo-genetic)
      • Earthquakes, volcanic activity
      • Basic idea about Continental Drift Theory, Plate Tectonics Theory, Sea Floor Spreading
      • Interior of the earth
      • lithosphere
      • Interaction of lithosphere with other spheres
      • Mass Movements of landforms, erosion and deposits
      • Basic information about geographical landforms and their significance
      • Rock system and Classification of Rocks

    4. Climatology:
      • Structure and composition of atmosphere
      • Factors controlling temperature distribution
      • Insolation and terrestrial radiation
      • Heat budget
      • Global warming and ozone layer
      • Humidity and condensation
      • Classification of clouds
      • Precipitation mechanism
      • Different types and forms of precipitation
      • Pressure belts
      • Winds: Planetary Winds, Seasonal and local Winds
      • Cyclones Tropical and Temperate cyclone
      • Formation of cyclone, characteristics and impact
      • Jet streams
      • Various atmospheric phenomenon

    5. The hydrosphere:
      • Bottom relief of ocean
      • Salinity and temp variation
      • Ocean currents
      • Ocean deposit
      • Ocean resources
      • Recent issues and development with ref to oceanography- Eg: UNCLOS

    6. Biosphere:
      • Major Biomes
      • Flora and fauna
      • International organization for biodiversitys
      • Conservation of Biodiversity
      • Recent issues

    7. Economic geography

    8. Map work
      • Places in news
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Milan Anshuman is a travel blogger with proficiency in nature and wildlife photography. Apart from this he loves to write article for technology, food, education, graphic & web design.

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