Top 10 Popular FreshwaterFish Species of Indian Rivers

Types of Fish in India to eat!

Fishing in India is a major industry of coastal states of Andhra Pradesh, Goa Kerala, Karnataka,West Bengal Odisha and Gujarat. Fishing and aquaculture in India contributed 1 percent of India’s annual GDP, West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh are two biggest fish industry in India. Indian rivers are the major source of irrigation system,drinking water and fish as food. There are list of freshwater fish found in Indian rivers, few most popular names of freshwater fishes of India are Rohu, Katla, Mahseer, Magur and Vaam.

Rohu – Labeo Rohita

rohu-labeo-rohita Image source: Google, see: Content Credit

Rohu is a species of carp family, found in rivers of Indian subcontinent and extensively used in aquaculture. The large silver coloured Rohu fish is an important aquacultured freshwater species and very commonly eaten in India and also considered a delicacy in Bhojpur (MP).

Hilsa – Ilish Shad

hilsa-Ilish-fish Image source: Google, see: Content Credit

Ilish or hilsa shad is a freshwater and brackish water fish, popular in India especially West Bengal, Odisha, Tripura, Assam and Andhra Pradesh. The fish is a popular food in Andhra Pradesh and Bengal.

Pulasa Fish

Godavari river Pulasa fish in Andhra Pradesh is the tastiest and costliest of all the varieties of the popular fish found in India. This species of fish is also known by the name of hilsa, Ilish and hilsa shad.

There is a saying in Andhra Pradesh – Pustelu ammi ayina Pulasa tinocchu means, It’s worth eating Pulasa Fish by even selling the Mangalsutra.

Catla – Indian Carp

catla-indian-carp Image source: Google, see: Content Credit

Katla or Catla also known as major Indian carp is commonly found in rivers and lakes of India and one of the most popular species of freshwater fish. The catla along with roho labeo and mrigal carp are the most important aquacultured freshwater fish in India.

Tilapia – Cichlid Fish

tilapia-cichlid-fish Image source: Google, see: Content Credit

Tilapia are mainly freshwater fish inhabiting shallow waters, rivers, lakes and also commonly found living in brackish water of India. Tilapia are also among the most consumed fish in the world and one of the most important fish in aquaculture after carp and salmon.

Tengra – Mystus Tengara

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Tengra or Tengna is a small size catfish and one of the tasty fish in Bengali recipes of Tangra Macher Jhal. Tengra fish mostly found in rivers of Indian state of Bihar, Odisha, Chhattisgarh and Bengal.

Magur – Walking Catfish

magur-walking-catfish Image source: Google, see: Content Credit

Magur is a medium sized walking catfish species, native to Indian rivers and Southeast Asia. The walking catfish species is a omnivorous creature and a delicacy in the Indian state of Assam, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh.

Kajuli – Ailia Coila

kajuli-ailia-coila Image source: Google, see: Content Credit

Kajuli also known as the Gangetic ailia, mostly found in large rivers and connected water systems. This species is an importance to local commercial fisheries of India.

Rani – Pink Perch

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Rani fish or Pink Perch is a freshwater gamefish, found in different geographical areas of India. The fish is small in size and very commonly sold freshwater fish in India.


ritha-fish Image source: Google, see: Content Credit

Rita is a species of bagrid catfish that is found in West Bengal. It is one of the giants of its genus, growing a length of 150 cm. It is commercially fished for human consumption.

Prawn Fish

prawn-fish Image source: Google, see: Content Credit

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Milan Anshuman is a travel blogger at Roadway Star. He is passionate about travelling across entire India, specially in undiscovered places, apart from travelling he loves to shoot nature and wildlife beauties, waterfall, mountain series and beaches.

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